Reading Comprehension Strategies

Good readers use a variety of strategies simultaneously to help them better understand what they are reading, whether it be an article, book, directions for a game or to build something, newspaper, website, magazine, etc.  Comprehension is at the heart of reading and reading comprehension is at the heart of everything we do.  Reading Comprehension is essential to success.
The following is a list of comprehension strategies and skills that your child should continue practicing EVERY NIGHT and EVERY TIME THEY READ.  With the new Common Core Standards for Reading, there is a huge push for reading comprehension, particularly with non-fiction texts as well as fiction texts, at all grade levels.



Previewing a text & Setting a purpose for reading (looking at the title, front & back of cover, & then flipping through a book to get an idea of what it might be about; deciding on a purpose/reason to read the book & thinking of how it catches your interests and why it might be a good read)
Making Connections (relating to the story with your own experiences, other texts you have read, and relating the story to the world)

Visualizing (forming mental pictures in your mind about the story)

Author’s Purpose (P.I.E. – to persuade the reader, inform, and entertain; is the reason the author has for writing)

Making Predictions (what you think might happen and then confirming if they came true in the story or not)

Comparing & Contrasting (thinking about how characters, events, settings, parts of the story are alike or different to each other)

Monitoring & Clarifying (noticing when you come across an unfamiliar word & figuring out the meaning of the word using context clues, compound words, prefixes, suffixes, etc.)

Summarizing (telling what the story was mostly about in only about 3-4 sentences; telling only the most important parts)

Monitoring & Adjusting Reading Speed (stopping to re-read and slow down as needed for better understanding)

Asking Questions (asking questions throughout the story about its characters, events, any unfamiliar words, etc.)




Drawing Conclusions (forming opinions based on facts and details)

Making Inferences (taking what you already know + details from the story to come up with a conclusion; reading between the lines)

Point of View (P.O.V.) (who’s telling the story, the viewpoint from which the story is told)

Sequence (the order in which things happen; telling the order of events in a story)

Cause & Effect (cause is the why & effect is the what happened as a result)

Main Idea and Details (main idea – what the story is mostly about; supporting details tell more about the main idea)

Fact vs. Opinion (fact is something you can prove, opinion is something you can’t prove)

Classifying and Categorizing (classify to group together several things that have something in common; categorize to tell how the parts of a group are alike)



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